Energy Efficiency

Increasing energy efficiency is a key part of global efforts to mitigate climate change. In addition to significantly reducing global GHG emissions, efforts to improve energy efficiency will also save nations and individuals significant amounts of money. Research reveals that, in the United Kingdom alone, improved energy efficiency could avoid 40 percent of electricity demand by the year 2030, and could save in excess of £10 billion per year.

The need for efficiency extends not only to the electricity production sector, but also to transportation, household appliances, building construction, and to everyday behaviour and decision-making. A push for design and innovation will also fuel engineering solutions and developments, engaging and stimulating public interest in climate solutions, as well as creating new sustainable industries and economic activity. In its 2012 World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency concluded that economically viable energy efficiency measures could half global primary energy demand by 2035, while stimulating economic growth mitigating pollution levels. Through its climate and energy package, the EU has committed to a 20% improvement in energy efficiency.


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  • “It is difficult to overstate the importance of energy efficiency, which is nearly always cost-effective in the long run, helps cut emissions and enhances energy security.” – IEA director of Sustainable Policy and Technology Bo Diczfalusy
  • “With the window of opportunity closing fast, when will governments wake up to the dangers of complacency and adopt the bold policies that radically transform our energy system? To do anything less is to deny our societies the welfare they deserve.” – IEA executive director Maria van der Hoeven
  • “Energy efficiency belongs at the heart of a low-carbon economy. By reducing energy use and cutting down on waste, we can reduce energy bills, make our energy system more sustainable, and drive down greenhouse gas emissions.” – Edward Davey, UK Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, quoted from “The Energy Efficiency Strategy” (DECC), Nov. 2012
  • “The evidence strongly suggests that improving end-use energy efficiency is the most effective way to mitigate climate change.”    —Charlie Wilson, lecturer in the Tyndall Centre for Climate Research at the University of East Anglia, Oct. 26, 2012
  • “Scaling up business actions depends on smart, integrated policy frameworks to create a stable and predictable investment climate and the right incentives to drive business decision-making. Making progress on the enabling policy elements presented in the Action Agenda will help build business support so that it can be the engine that leads the way in delivering sustainable energy for all.” – Peter Bakker, President, World Business Council for Sustainable Development, April 30, 2012
  • “Of the total high-quality energy consumed to support economic activity in 2010, only 14 percent was converted into useful work. In other words, the American economy wasted 86 percent of all the energy used that year in the production of goods and services. One can easily imagine that waste of this magnitude creates an array of costs that weakens the nation’s economic and social well-being.” – Skip Laitner, Economist, Linking Energy Efficiency to Economic Productivity, August 2013 study

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